No Child Left Behind

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No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is legislation that was introduced in 2001 by the Federal government as an attempt toward standards-based education reform. According the legislation each state is required to set their own achievement standards. The Act operates on the assumption that setting high standards will improve the individual performance of schools. The Act also provides flexibility for parents to have some choice in the schools their children attend if the school does not meet the standards of the individual state. [1]

The NCLB Act also specifies that all teachers in a school be "highly qualified", defined as...

  • Holding at least a Bachelors degree
  • Fulfilling state mandated certification
  • Demonstrating subject matter expertise

NCLB in Kentucky

The Kentucky Department of Education publishes an annual report containing information about school performance in relation to the state NCLB standards. These reports are available on the Department of Education NCLB report website.

Schools and districts that are not meeting goals are put into a Tier Status. These tiers are levels of consequences brought upon the school/districts for underperforming.

2009 Results

The Bluegrass Institute has been informed by multiple sources that there may be problems with the 2009 No Child Left Behind scores. There is evidence that the count of stud ents with learning disabilities listed in the various 2009 NCLB reports is incorrect for a notable number of individual schools and school districts.

A very incomplete list of districts that have identified possible problems either to the press or to the Bluegrass Institute includes Scott County, Barren County, Boone County and Campbell County.

In addition, a very brief examination of NCLB reports for the state’s two largest school districts, Jefferson County and Fayette County, indicates that there may be similar problems there, as well. These brief examinations also indicate that there could be problems with the counts for students categorized as having “Limited English Proficiency.”

An incorrect count of students for any reportable subgroup can impact NCLB findings for that student subgroup as well as the overall “Adequate Yearly Progress” determination for the affected school system.

The Kentucky Department of Education reports it is examining the problem; however, corrected scores may not be available until late in 2009. In the interim, users of all existing 2009 NCLB products from the Kentucky Department of Education and independent organizations, including this Web site, should consider the results as subject to change.

School Consequences

  • School Improvement - Year 1 occurs after 2 years of not meeting Adequate Yearly Progress(AYP) and requires schools to
    • Notify parents of the school's status
    • Implement school choice
    • Revise the school improvement plan
  • School Improvement - Year 2 occurs after 3 years of not meeting AYP and requires schools to
    • Continue with Tier 1 consquences
    • Offer supplemental educational services
  • Corrective Action - Year 1 occurs after 4 years of not meeting AYP and requires schools to
    • Continue consequences of previous tiers
    • Implement corrective action plan
  • Corrective Action - Year 2 status occurs after 5 years of not meeting AYP and requires schools to
    • Continuation of previous tier status consequences
    • Write a plan for alternative governance
  • 'Restructuring - Year 1 occurs after 6 years of not meeting AYP and requires that
    • Previous tier consquences are upheld
    • Alternative governance plan is implemented
  • Restructuring - Year 2 occurs after 7 years of not making AYP and continues the consequences of previous tiers
  • Restructuring - Year 3 occurs after 8 years of not making AYP and continues the consequences of previous tiers
  • Restructuring - Year 4 occurs after 9 years of not making AYP and continues the consequences of previous tiers
  • Restructuring - Year 5 occurs after 10 years of not making AYP and continues the consequences of previous tiers

Reconfiqured

According to the 2010 AYP report, a school that has been reconfigured is not accountable for the results reported in 2009.

District Consequences

School districts have a similar tier of consequences...

  • District Improvement - Year 1 after 2 years of not making AYP
  • District Improvement - Year 2 after 3 years of not making AYP
  • Corrective Action - Year 1 after 4 years of not making AYP
  • Corrective Action - Year 2 after 5 years of not making AYP
  • Corrective Action - Year 3 after 6 years of not making AYP
  • Corrective Action - Year 4 after 7 years of not making AYP
  • Corrective Action - Year 5 after 8 years of not making AYP

At each tier, the consequences for school districts is outlined as: "Notify parents using state- provided information, revise district improvement plan, request technical assistance if needed, and may be subject to corrective action from the Kentucky Department of Education." [2]

Also See

NCLB Tier 5 School Improvement Plans

References

  1. No Child Left Behind on Wikipedia accessed July 30, 2008
  2. NCLB AYP 2010 Results accessed September 27, 2010